In a statement, he said he was moving back to Kansas, where he is from, to explore politics.
His exit has been in the works for some time, and his last day at Uber is March 28.
Uber also asked for the resignation of Amit Singhal, a top engineer who failed to disclose a sexual harassment claim against him at his previous employer, Google, before joining Uber.
In a statement to Recode, he said, “The beliefs and approach to leadership that have guided my career are inconsistent with what I saw and experienced at Uber.” Mr.
McClendon, in a statement, said he was returning to his hometown, Lawrence, Kan., after 30 years away.